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Type 2 diabetics run risk of liver cancer, cirrhosis

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A recent study conducted in Europe has revealed that people with type 2 diabetes have higher risk of getting liver cancer and cirrhosis. Scientists who participated in the study have advised that diabetics should get their liver function test done to prevent any further risk of both ailments.

The study was conducted by researchers from Queen Mary University of London and University of Glasgow. The researchers pointed out that diabetes is a strong predictor of liver disease.  

Dr. William Alazawi, Senior Study author, said that electronic health records of 18,782,281 people in Italy, the Netherlands, Spain and UK were analyzed. They identified 136703 people whose records said that they had received a diagnosis of Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD).

Their records were matched with 100 controls whose records contained no such diagnosis. The match was by sex, age, location of practice, and date of visit.

The analysis revealed that people with a NAFLD or NASH diagnosis were more likely to suffer from high BP, obesity, and type 2 diabetes than their matched controls.

The study found that over a median follow-up period of 3.3 years, the team noted which individuals developed liver cirrhosis and liver cancer.

The study revealed that compared with the controls, the risk of later getting a diagnosis of cirrhosis was 4.73 times higher in those who had NAFLD. For a diagnosis of liver cancer, the risk was 3.51 times higher.

Dr Alazawi said that individuals with diabetes are at increased risk of more advanced, life-threatening stages of [liver] disease, suggesting that there should be focus on educating and preventing liver disease.


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