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Intraocular melanoma- Drug Today Medical Times

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Intraocular melanoma (IM) is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the eye. People with old age and having fair skin have higher risk of IM. Blurred vision, or a dark spot on the iris, are known symptoms of IM.

Tests that examine the eye are used to help detect and diagnose IM. A biopsy of the tumor is rarely needed to diagnose intraocular melanoma. In IM, malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the eye. It  begins in the middle of three layers of the wall of the eye. The outer layer includes the white sclera (the "white of the eye") and the clear cornea at the front of the eye.

The inner layer has a lining of nerve tissue, called the retina, which senses light and sends images along the optic nerve to the brain. The middle layer, where intraocular melanoma forms, is called the uvea or uveal tract, and has three main parts which includes Irish, Ciliary body and Choroid.

IM may not cause early signs or symptoms. It is sometimes found during a regular eye exam when the doctor dilates the pupil and looks into the eye. Signs and symptoms may be caused by intraocular melanoma or by other conditions.
Having a risk factor does not mean that you will get cancer. Not having risk factors doesn’t mean that you will not get cancer. Talk with your doctor if you think you may be at risk. Risk factors for IM include fair skin that freckles and burns easily, does not tan, or tans poorly, blue or green or other light-colored eyes, older age and being white.

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