Oncologists have stressed a healthy lifestyle including quitting tobacco, staying physically fit, maintaining a healthy weight, getting immunized and limiting alcohol consumption as helpful to prevent different types of cancers.
Dr. Prashant Mullerpatan, Onco Surgeon, Apollo Spectra Hospital, Mumbai, says: “Lakhs of people in India suffer from cancer of the lung, oral, breast, stomach, cervix, liver, prostate, and blood. Other cancers that tend to occur are of the skin, bladder, and esophagus, and the cancer mortality is high in India.”
Dr Mullerpatan added that genetic factors, hormonal imbalances, unhealthy lifestyles, and poor immune systems, environmental factors, delayed diagnosis and a lack of medical facilities can invite or aggravate various types of cancers.
“This happens owing to the lack of awareness regarding this ‘deadly disease’. It is the need of the hour to educate people about the treatment, symptoms, detection and prevention, inform about regular screening and check-ups, include the ill-effects of cancer in the syllabus for children, conduct drives, campaigns and initiatives and dispel myths regarding cancer,” he said.
Dr Tanveer Majeed, Onco Surgeon, Zen Multispeciality Hospital, Chembur, said, “The treatment of cancer will depend on the type of cancer, location and the stage of it. Surgery, and various therapies such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy and targeted drug therapy can help patients get back on track.”
Cancer has emerged one of the major causes of death in India. According to data published by ICMR, India Against Cancer and National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research, as many as 11,57,294 cancer patients are registered every year and around 2.25 million people are living with this disease. Likewise, 7,84,821 deaths related to cancer were registered in 2018.