21April2018

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Remarkable recovery of stroke patients who had lost speech

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 BS RAWAT
NEW DELHI: A stroke victim must be rushed to the hospital as soon as possible. Time is of the essence.

In a rare case, doctors in Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi, successfully cured two patients who had suffered from brain stroke and ensured that they got back to their normal lives.

The deciding factor in these two cases was that the family and friends detected something amiss and took the patients for medical intervention within the first few hours of the onset of symptoms– also called the ‘Golden Period’.

In the first case, the patient developed the symptoms – difficulty in speaking and understanding – at his office. While his colleagues could not understand his abnormal change in behaviour, they decided to rush him to Apollo Hospital within 1.5 hours of the onset of symptoms. He recovered significant speech within one hour with the help of intravenous drugs.

The second case involving a 43 year old patient required removal of a clot through a stent. The 'Golden Period' is 4.5 hours for IV intravenous and 6 hrs for mechanical thrombectomy.

Dr. Vinit Suri, Senior Consultant, Neurology, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, said, “In both the cases, the patients were observed having difficulty in speaking and understanding, while other bodily functions were almost normal. It is important to understand that stroke may present without limb paralysis with abnormal behaviour or loss of speech i.e. difficulty to recognize the verbal instructions.”

He said, “Emergent treatment within the golden period can prevent damage to the brain by restoring the circulation.”

Dr. Vinit Suri told the media, “During stroke 1.9 million neurons are lost every one minute and therefore time is of the essence. Rushing the patient to the nearest hospital can save him/her from disability and lack of mobility. While some cases easily respond to medication, some may require surgical intervention.”

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