30 year old Mrs. Garima Shrivastava from Pune gave birth to a baby girl weighing an astounding 5.05kg at the Motherhood Hospital, Kharadi, in Pune, Maharashtra. One of the heaviest babies in town was born by a Caesarean section. A normal baby's weight is around 3kg at birth.
Before delivery, Mrs Shrivastava’s blood sugar and other tests were normal and pre pregnancy weight was 105 kg. Her third trimester scan showed mild Polyhydramnios.
Mild Polyhydramnios is a condition where there is too much amniotic fluid surrounding the baby in the uterus during pregnancy. Its purpose is to support the baby in the uterus and assist in the development of their limbs, lungs and digestive organs. It also helps cushion the baby and supports it to keep an even, suitable body temperature.
Dr Mohita Goyal, Consultant, Obstetrics & Gynecology, Motherhood Hospital, Pune, says, “This is a rare case where an overweight baby was born to a non-diabetic mother. Everyone was taken by surprise in the operating theatre on the day of the delivery as the head of the baby was deflexed and floating in the uterine cavity at the time of incision which made it difficult for extraction during C-section.”
Dr. Tushar Parikh, Chief Neonatologist, Motherhood Hospital, Pune, said “Such large babies are known as “Macrosomic Babies”. They have a risk of hypoglycemia (drop in their blood sugar) as their body's demand of glucose is more. Therefore, these babies are monitored for their blood glucose levels. Having large babies is generally a family trait.”
“These babies sometimes get injured at birth with their bones and nerves getting impacted, as delivering them is a difficult task. Babies can get stuck during delivery and suffer asphyxia if the delivery takes more time” explained Dr. Parikh.
Dr Parikh further said that some Macrosomic Babies have breathing difficulties which may need oxygen or respiratory support after birth. Many of these babies continue to remain larger for their age later in life too.