Avoiding of junk food, sweets, fats, eating more fruits, salads and being a vegetarian can prevent heart diseases. Doctors say eating too much rice or wheat or bread is no good. Nuts like walnut and almonds are good for the heart and brain. An ideal body weight and quitting tobacco is crucial to preventing heart attacks.
Risk factors for heart diseases include increasing age, diabetes, hypertension, Hyperlipidemia or Dyslipidemia, smoking, stress and obesity.
Dr A. Sreenivas Kumar, Sr. Consultant Cardiologist and Director-Cardiology and Clinical Research, Apollo Hospitals, Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad, says that brisk walking or yoga and meditation are scientifically proven to cause control of risk factors and bring about regression of blockages in blood vessels.
Exercise in any form for 30 minutes or more a day for at least five days in a week is good for maintaining health. Good and adequate sleep at least for 5-6 hours at night is important for the body to recoup and become active again free from day today stresses.
Dr Kumar pointed out that lipid lowering treatment and control as per the guideline recommendations depending upon the clinical scenarios is proven beyond doubt for prevention of heart diseases and stroke.
Not only people who suffered from heart disease or stroke but also all people who have risk factors benefit by these wonder drugs called statins. Statins have the potential to be molecules of this century for CAD control like antibiotics for infections and H2 receptor blockers for ulcers.
Dr Kumar said that south Indians have double the incidence of Coronary Artery Disease compared to North Indians. Males have more disease in younger age group. As the females age and attain menopause, their risk also becomes equal to men.