GWALIOR: In the last decade, there has been an increase in kidney diseases related to prolonged obesity by upto 40% in tier 1 cities like Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh.
Clinicians working in these cities reveal that obesity and chronic kidney disease is a lethal combination, and is emerging to be a major health concern with a rapid rise in number of cases.
Fortis Hospital-Vasant Kunj, which has been doing regular OPD in association with Kailash Hospital disclosed that Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), which is a dangerous condition and can lead to kidney failure is majorly seen in obese patients. While timely diagnosis can yield better outcomes, the ultimate treatment options are dialysis or kidney transplant.
“During the last five years, we have observed a steady rise in the number of cases of childhood obesity. Once considered to be a myth, like adults, obese children are also equally prone and are affected by CKD,” said Dr Tanmay Pandya, Sr. Consultant, Fortis FLT. Lt. Rajan Dhall Hospital, Delhi.
Dr Pandya stated, “Over the years I have treated families carrying genes that cause both obesity and CKD and it is scary to know that these can be passed on to the younger generation.”
The team of doctors also emphasized keeping the combination at bay through regular exercise, maintaining blood sugar levels, keeping blood pressure at optimum levels, eating healthy to keep a check on weight, maintaining healthy fluid levels in the body, avoiding smoking, self medications and OTC pills. In case a person is above the age of 40 years, it is recommended to undergo regular annual health check-ups.
Though renal transplant remains the only option for patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), those awaiting a kidney donor are usually treated with either hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis along with lifestyle modifications, exercise and proper diet, said Dr Mangla Dembi, Facility Director, Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj.
Dr Dembi said, “Looking at the number of patients with obesity and CKD, it is suggested that knowledge on prevention and management is also required to be disseminated in the country.”