With the approval by the Union Cabinet, the National Early Childhood Care and Education
(ECCE) Policy proposed three proposals to help 158.7 million Indian children under six years of age who need holistic and integrated early childhood care.
The rate of development is very high in early childhood hence it is acknowledged as the most crucial period in a person’s life. The development of the brain in the early years is a pathway that affects physical and mental health, learning and behaviour throughout the life cycle.
The proposals include to implement and monitor the Policy through National and State ECCE Councils, to develop National Early Childhood Care and Education Curriculum Framework and Quality Standards and circulate to the States/Union Territories (UTs) for preparation of Action Plans and implementation by States/UTs and to handover of power to the Ministry of Women and Child Development to make necessary changes.
The idea of the National ECCE Policy is to promote inclusive, equitable and contextualised opportunities for promoting best possible development and active learning capacity of all children below 6 years of age. The key areas of this policy are universal access with equity and inclusion, quality in ECCE, strengthening capacity, monitoring and supervision, advocacy, research and review.