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New Study: Diet and Exercise Crucial in Fighting Prediabetes

A recent study published in the journal PLOS Medicine reveals that diet and exercise can significantly reduce the long-term risks associated with prediabetes. The findings, published on July 9, suggest that delaying the onset of diabetes by just four years can lower the risk of death and illness for people with prediabetes.

Prediabetes, also known as impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), is a condition where blood sugar levels are elevated but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. According to the research team led by Dr. Guangwei Li from the China-Japan Friendship Hospital in Da Qing City, China, extending the period of non-diabetes status in individuals with IGT leads to better health outcomes and reduces premature mortality.

The study tracked the health of 540 individuals with prediabetes who had participated in a six-year clinical trial. Participants were divided into four groups: one that followed a healthy diet, one that increased physical activity, one that combined diet and exercise, and a control group.

Over a follow-up period of more than 30 years, researchers discovered that individuals who managed to avoid developing diabetes for at least four years after being diagnosed with prediabetes had a significantly lower risk of death and cardiovascular events, such as heart attacks or strokes. Conversely, those who progressed to full-blown diabetes within four years did not experience these protective benefits.

The study underscores the importance of early intervention through lifestyle modifications for individuals with prediabetes. Delaying the onset of diabetes appears to be crucial for long-term health benefits. The researchers advocate for the implementation of effective interventions targeting those with IGT as part of preventative strategies for diabetes and related vascular complications.

This study highlights the critical role of diet and exercise in managing prediabetes and preventing its progression to diabetes, thereby enhancing long-term health outcomes.

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